Immigrants & Settlers

Skirmishes with Indians kept settlers out of the Deschutes River country in the mid-1850s. In fact, in 1856 the United States government forbid immigrants from locating east of the Cascades, calling the mountain range a “valuable separation of the two races.”

But neither fear of Indians nor government edict could dampen the allure of the region. Settlers looking for land and opportunity outside the Willamette Valley began to trickle back over the mountains, and the government, unable to enforce their restriction, rescinded it after only two years.